Delay In Block Rule

Delay In Block Rule

Delay In Block: Questions and Answers


Notes

Both of the above documents were put out by Amtrak, but the text put out by Conrail and other RRs is similar or identical.


NORTHEAST CORRIDOR

SUPPLEMENTAL BULLETIN ORDER

March 1, 1996

EFFECTIVE 12:01 AM, MONDAY, MARCH 4,1996


This Supplemental Bulletin Order is issued to publish the "PUSH-PULL TRAIN" restrictions mandated in FRA EMERGENCY ORDER NO. 20. This Bulletin Order is supplemental to the regular Northeast Corridor Bulletin Orders effective on Monday, March 4, 1996. This Supplemental Bulletin Order is assigned the following number on each division:

WASHINGTON TERMINAL DISTRICT - Supplemental BO No. 5-14A
MID-ATLANTIC DIVISION - Supplemental BO No. 2-19A
METROPOLITAN DIVISION - Supplemental BO No. 2-19A
NEW ENGLAND DIVISION - Supplemental BO No. 2-19A

This Bulletin Order will remain in effect until 12:01 AM, Monday, March 11, 1996, when the information it contains will be added to each division's regularly issued Bulletin Order.


(A)
DEFINITIONS REVISED/ADDED IN CONJUNCTION WITH CHANGES TO ABS RULE 504

Home Signal: A fixed signal governing entrance to an interlocking or controlled point.

Push-Pull Train: A passenger train with a MU or control car on either end.

(B)
ABS RULE 504 REVISED TO INCLUDE NEW DELAYED IN BLOCK RESTRICTION FOR PUSH-PULL TRAINS WITHOUT CAB SIGNALS

504. Delay in a Block

The following restrictions DO NOT apply to trains that have cab signals in service for the direction of movement, or that have experienced a cab signal failure in Rule 562 territory (cab signals without fixed automatic block signals).

a. Trains Making Stops Other Than Station Stops

If a train that has passed a block signal STOPS for any reason OTHER THAN A PASSENGER TRAIN MAKING A STATION STOP, it must proceed at RESTRICTED SPEED. The train may resume the speed authorized by the last signal when:

1. The next signal is seen to display a proceed indication,
AND
2. The track is known to be clear to the next signal.

b. Push-Pull Trains Making Station Stops or Slow Movement After Passing Distant Signal

If a PUSH-PULL TRAIN that has passed a DISTANT SIGNAL makes a STATION STOP or reduces speed to LESS THAN 10 MPH, it must:

1. Approach the HOME SIGNAL prepared to stop,
AND
2. Not exceed 40 MPH, unless governed by a slower speed.

The train may resume the speed authorized by the distant signal when the home signal is seen to display a proceed indication.

If a push-pull train makes a stop other than a station stop in any block, it will be governed by part "a" of this rule.

(C)
NEW RULE ADDED TO REQUIRE THE CALLING OF RESTRICTIVE SIGNALS ON PUSH-PULL TRAINS WITHOUT CAB SIGNALS

94a. Calling Signals on Push-Pull Trains

The following requirements apply to PUSH-PULL TRAINS that DO NOT HAVE CAB SIGNALS in service for the direction of movement, AND are operating in territory where the maximum speed of trains EXCEEDS 30 MPH:

1. The Engineer must communicate to a qualified employee on the train the name of each signal requiring a STOP or RESTRICTED SPEED at the NEXT SIGNAL. In multiple track territory, this communication must include the track number.

2. The qualified employee must REPEAT the signal information to the Engineer. If the qualified employee fails to repeat the required signal information, the Engineer must determine the reason at the next station stop.

3. If the Engineer fails to properly control the speed of the train, the qualified employee must immediately communicate with the Engineer. If necessary, the qualified employee must stop the train.

4. The next signal, when more favorable, must also be communicated by the Engineer.

(D)
NEW SIGNS BEING INSTALLED IN NON-CAB SIGNAL TERRITORY TO REMIND PUSH-PULL TRAINS OF NEW DELAYED IN BLOCK REQUIREMENT

298. Distant Signal Marker

Appearance: Yellow background with black letter"D".
Location: On or near the mast of distant signals in territory where push-pull trains operate, cab signals are not in service, and the maximum speed of trains exceeds 30 mph.
Purpose: Visual reminder to push-pull trains that Rule 504(b) applies in the block governed by this signal.

298a. Delay in Block Sign

Appearance: Yellow background with black lettering "D.l.B."
Location: At or near the end of passenger stations in blocks between distant signals and home signals in territory where push-pull trains operate, cab signals are not in service, and the maximum speed of trains exceeds 30 mph.
Purpose: Visual reminder to push-pull trains that Rule 504(b) applies to station stops made at this station.


Mark D. Bej, M.D.
bejm@ccfadm.eeg.ccf.org
+216-444-0119
1996.00.00 Delay in Block Q&A

Delay in Block Q&A


Home
Mark's Railroad-Related Stuff
A Pennsylvania Railroad Home Page
Railroad Books of Rules and Signalling: A Home Page
Delay in Block Q&A

AMTRAK NORTHEAST CORRIDOR QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS (Q&A)
ON REVISED RULE 504 AND NEW RULE 94a

Q&A on Revised/New Definitions
Q1.
In the application of the new rules, is a passenger train with a locomotive on the leading end of the movement and a control car on the trailing end considered a "Push-Pull" train?

A1.
Yes. The Bulletin Order defines the term "Push-Pull" train as any passenger train that has a MU or control car on either end.

Q2.
In the application of the new rules, are Amtrak's Turboliner Trainsets considered "Push-Pull" trains?

A2.
No. The power cars on Amtrak's Turboliner Train are considered locomotives, not control cars, and they meet all Federal locomotive safety standards.

Q & A on Revised Rule 504, "Delayed in Block"

Q1.
Does the revised "Delayed in the Block" rule change any of the requirements for trains other than push-pull trains?

A1.
No. Although paragraph "a" of revised Rule 504 applies to ALL trains, its requirements are the same as those shown in old Rule 504. The term "delayed in the block", as used in Rule 504, has always been interpreted to mean any stop, other than a passenger train making a station stop.

Q2.
Does the new "delayed in the block" restriction apply to push-pull trains that have cab signals in service for the direction of movement?

A2.
No.

Q3.
Does the new "delayed in the block" restriction apply to push-pull trains that have experienced a cab signal failure in ABS territory where cab signals are used with fixed automatic block signals?

A3.
Yes.

Q4.
Does the new "delayed in the block" restriction apply to push-pull trains that have experienced a cab signal failure in ABS territory where cab signals are used without fixed automatic block signals (i.e., Rule 562 territory)?

A4.
No. Rule 562 already provides adequate safeguards for trains operating with a cab signal failure in that type of territory.

Q5.
Does the new "delayed in the block" restriction apply to push-pull trains that are operating on tracks where non-signalled DCS Rules have been substituted for ABS rules?

A5.
No. Rule 504 is an ABS Rule; it applies only where ABS Rules are in effect.

Questions and Answers (Q&A) on Revised Rule 504 and New Rule 94a

Q6.
In what ABS blocks does the new "Delayed in the Block" requirement for push-pull trains apply?

A6.
Only in blocks that immediately precede interlockings and controlled points, i.e., between Distant Signals and Home Signals.

Q7.
What is the new restriction for affected push-pull trains operating in a block between a Distant Signal and a Home Signal?

A7.
If the train makes a station stop or reduces speed to less than 10 mph, it must:
1. Approach the HOME SIGNAL prepared to stop,
AND
2. Not exceed 40 MPH, unless governed by a slower speed.

Q8.
When can the train resume the speed authorized by the Distant Signal?

A8.
When the home signal is seen to display a proceed indication.

Q9.
How must a push-pull train that is not equipped with operative cab signals proceed after making a stop other than a station stop in a block between a Distant Signal and a Home Signal?

A9.
At Restricted Speed, per part bad of revised Rule 504. Part "b" of the rule applies only to station stops and movements made at less than 10 MPH.

Q & A on Revised Rule 94a, "Calling Signals on Push-Pull Trains"

Q1.
Does the new "Signal Calling" rule replace the signal calling requirements included in NORAC Operating Rule 94?

A1.
No. The new rule adds additional requirements for crews of push-pull trains.

Q2.
Do operating rules qualified employees located in the operating cab of any train still have to call out the names of ail fixed signals affecting the train's movement?

A2.
Yes.

Q3.
What additional signal calling requirements apply to push-pull trains?

A3.
The Engineer of push-pull trains that do not have cab signals in service for the direction of movement, and are operating where the maximum speed of trains exceeds 30 MPH, must communicate to a qualified employee on the engine or train the name and location of each wayside signal that requires that the train be prepared to stop at the next wayside signal. In multiple track territory, the Engineer must also state the track number.

Q4.
What are the names of the five signals that fall under this category?

A4.
Approach, Medium Approach, Slow Approach, Restricting, and Stop and Proceed.

Q5.
Give me an example of how the Engineer would call out the prescribed signal information over the radio to a qualified employee located int eh body of the train, assuming that there was no qualified employee on the engine to call the information to.

A5.
"Amtrak Train 999, Head End to Rear End, Approach on Signal 767, Track 2, Over."

Q6.
And how should the qualified employee respond over the radio?

A6.
"Amtrak Train 999, Rear End to Head End, Approach on Signal 767, Track 2, Out."

Q7.
What action must the Engineer take if the qualified employee fails to repeat the required information?

A7.
The Engineer must determine the reason at the next scheduled stop. If necessary, alternate means of communication shall be established.

Q8.
What action must crew members take if alternate communication cannot be established?

A8.
A qualified employee must be positioned on the head end to call signals.

Q9.
What action must the qualified employee take if the Engineer fails to properly control the speed of the train?

A9.
The qualified employee must immediately caution the Engineer, and stop the train if necessary.

Q10.
If the Engineer has called a restrictive signal to a qualified employee in the body of the train, must he notify the qualified employee when he receives a more favorable signal?

A10.
Yes. Otherwise the qualified employee will have to call the Engineer to caution him about the previously called signal.

Q11.
Must the qualified employee in the body of the train repeat the information regarding the more favorable signal?

A11.
Such a repeat is not required by the new rule, but it is a good way of letting the Engineer know you have received his radio transmission.


SUMMARY OF TESTS REQUIRED BY FRA EMERGENCY ORDER NO. 20

Test Type *Test No. Who Must Be Tested How Test Must Be Conducted **FRA Due Date
Face-to-Face Meeting FRA201B All T&E employees, regardless of whether they currently work in push-pull service. Supervisors must meet, face-to-face, with employees to explain both the new "delayed in block" and the new "signal calling" requirements. April 3, 1996.
Unannounced Operational Test on New "Delayed In Block" Requirements FRA201C T&E employees who work in push-pull service in signaled territory where cab signal rules are not in effect and train speeds exceed 30 MPH These tests must be conducted only at home signals at the end of ABS blocks, in which trains are scheduled to stop, or must reduce speed to less than 10 MPH in accordance with a speed restriction. The Dispatcher or Operator must be instructed to hold the appropriate home signal in Stop position, and to avoid establishing any conflicting routes until the test has been completed. The signal must be held in Stop position until the train has come to a full stop at the signal. Precautions must be taken to ensure that the crew does not receive advance notice of the test. May 3, 1996
Unannounced Operational Test on New "Signal Calling" Requirements FRA202A for Engineers;

FRA202B for Conductors
T&E employees who work in push-pull service in signaled territory where cab signal rules are not in effect and train speeds exceed 30 MPH Supervisors must ride with crews or listen to crew radio transmissions to determine their compliance with the new "signal calling" requirements. Supervisors conducting this test on board a train must not advise the crew the purpose for their ride until the test has been completed. May 3, 1996
On-Board Operational Monitoring Check on New "Signal Calling" Requirements FRA201D T&E employees who work in push-pull service in signalled territory where cab signal rules are not in effect and train speeds exceed 30 MPH Supervisors must ride push-pull trains in affected territory to monitor employee compliance with the new "signal calling" requirements, to ensure their complete understand the requirements. The purpose for this ride may be announced. June 3, 1996
On-Board Operational Monitoring Check on New "Delayed in Block" Requirements FRA202E T&E employees who work in push-pull service in signalled territory where cab signal rules are not in effect and train speeds exceed 30 MPH Supervisors must ride push-pull trains in affected territory lo monitor employee compliance with the new "delayed in block" requirements, to ensure that their complete understand the requirements. The purpose for this ride may announced. June 3, 1996
* When tests are entered directly into the "live" TESTS system, the test number must be preceded by the applicable railroad property code and book code. ** Engineers operating push-pull trains in non-cab signal territory must receive 2 tests a year on the new "signal calling" and "delayed in block" requirements.


Mark D. Bej, M.D.
bejm@ccfadm.eeg.ccf.org
+216-444-0119
1996.00.00