Routes and Trains on the Eve of Amtrak

Routes and Trains on the Eve of Amtrak

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Routes and Trains on the Eve of Amtrak
Amtrak's First Trains and Routes

This is a listing of all trains running in the U.S. as of 1971.04.30, the day before Amtrak started operations. "Status" is status under Amtrak. So far, ATSF, BN, B&O, CG, CNW, CRI&P, D&RGW, GM&O, GTW, L&N, MILW, MP, N&W, SCL, SOU, and SP have definitely been updated. Northeast Corridor stuff is not yet, but probably changed little. Other material uncertain for now.

Trains listed with a former ("fmr.") name were unnamed at the eve of Amtrak. The former name is provided for historical curiosity and to decrease the number of notes. Train names separated by slashes denote train pairs named separately for each direction with 2 exceptions: El Capitan/Super Chief and the 5-component train of MILW.

Railroads electing not to join the National Railway Passenger Corporation (NRPC, Railpax, later renamed Amtrak) were: SOU, CRI&P, D&RGW. All ultimately joined, though at various dates. Status of their trains is given as "nonAMTK".

Railroad name abbreviations

ATSF Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe IC Illinois Central
BN Burlington Northern L&N Louisville & Nashville
B&O Baltimore & Ohio MILW Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul & Pacific
CB&Q Chicago, Burlington & Quincy [later, Burlington Northern] MP Missouri Pacific
CG Central of Georgia N&W Norfolk & Western
CN Canadian National NWP Northwestern Pacific
C&O Chesapeake & Ohio PC Penn Central
CNW Chicago North Western RF&P Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac
CRI&P Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific SCL Seaboard Coast Line
D&H Delaware & Hudson SOU Southern
D&RGW Denver & Rio Grande Western SP Southern Pacific
GM&O Gulf, Mobile & Ohio TH&B Toronto, Hamilton & Buffalo
GTW Grand Trunk Western UP Union Pacific

Non-Northeast trains

Train Name From Join/
Split
Through/
To
RR Num. Note/
Freq./
Status


East

(Unnamed) Washington ... Harrisburg PC 549 / 548 1
Duquesne New York ... Pittsburgh PC 25 / 16
Juniata New York ... Pittsburgh PC 33 / 24 2, Disc.
fmr. Buffalo Day Express Harrisburg ... Buffalo PC 575 / 574 3, Disc.
(Unnamed) New York ... Albany PC 81 / 80
(Unnamed) New York ... Albany PC 83 / 82
(Unnamed) New York ... Albany PC 85 / 84
(Unnamed) New York ... Buffalo PC 71 / 70 4
(Unnamed) New York ... Buffalo PC 73 / 72 4
(Unnamed) New York ... Buffalo PC 75 / 74
NOTES
1:
Ran via Baltimore and York, connecting with Broadway Limited at Harrisburg (no through cars). Amtrak rerouted the train via the Columbia and Port Deposit branch and began operating through cars Washington to Chicago, Washington to Kansas City.
2:
E/B daily except Saturday; W/B daily. W/B combined with #211, New York--Philadelphia.
3:
Tri-weekly.
4:
#71 and #72 carried through cars New York---Albany for D&H #34/35 Larentian to/from Montreal. New York-Albany-Buffalo trains were not named in the Official Guide or PC timetables.


East -- Midwest

Broadway Limited New York ... Chicago PC 49 / 48
Manhattan Limited New York (via ex-PRR) Chicago PC 23 / 22 Disc.
Pennsylvania Limited New York (via ex-PRR) Chicago PC 55 / 54 Disc.
The Admiral Chicago (via ex-PRR) New York PC 50 Disc.
fmr. New England States Boston Albany PC 427 / 428 1, Disc.
New York Buffalo 61 / 62
Buffalo Toronto 371 / 376
Chicago 27 / 28
(Unnamed) New York (via ex-NYC) Chicago PC 63 / 64 1, Disc.
Spirit of St. Louis
Penn Texas

Cincinnati Limited
Washington Harrisburg PC 549 / 548 2
New York 31-77 / 4-78
Dayton Cincinnati 77 / 78
St. Louis 31 / 4
Kansas City MP 15 / 16
Cincinnati Limited New York Columbus Cincinnati PC 77 / 78 3
fmr. Fort Pitt ?or fmr. Golden Triangle Pittsburgh ... Chicago PC 53 Disc.
fmr. Mail and Express Pittsburgh ... St. Louis PC 13 xMo, Disc.
fmr. St. Louisan St. Louis ... Pittsburgh PC 32 3, Disc.
fmr. Empire State Express Buffalo ... Detroit
Chicago
PC 351 Disc.
fmr. Wolverine Buffalo ... Detroit
Chicago
PC 17 / 14 4
(Unnamed) Chicago ... Detroit
Buffalo
PC 52 5, Disc.
fmr. Empire State Express Buffalo ... Cleveland
Chicago
PC 51 Disc.
(Unnamed) Chicago ... Cleveland
Buffalo
PC 98 Disc.
Capitol Limited Washington ... Chicago B&O 5 / 6 6, Disc.
Shenandoah Washington Cumberland Akron B&O 7 / 8
Metropolitan Baltimore Cumberland Cincinnati B&O 11 / 12 7, Disc.
Washington ???
Cincinnatian Detroit ... Toledo C&O 40 / 39 Disc.
Cincinnati B&O 53 / 54
George Washington Newport News Charlottesville Cincinnati C&O 41 / 42
Washington 1 / 2
St. Louis B&O 1 / 2 Disc.
Pocahontas Norfolk ... Cincinnati N&W 3 / 4 Disc.
NOTES
1:
Trains 61, 62 also carried cars New York--Albany for Delaware & Hudson #9/10; also carried cars New York--Chicago (via #27/28 Buffalo--Chicago). Through cars splitting off in Buffalo were carried to Welland on NYC, then to Toronto on TH&B.
Graphically

New York --PC--> Albany -----> Buffalo -----> Cleveland -----> Chicago
                    \              \
                     \              *--371/376--> Welland --TH&B--> Toronto
                      \
                       *--D&H 9/10--> ??where, Montréal?
		
2:
Under Amtrak, name of eastbound train changed to Spirit of St. Louis and run combined with Broadway Limited Harrisburg--New York. Cincinnati Limited ran combined with Nos. 4/31 Dayton--New York.
3:
Connected with PC #54. Name dropped in 1966, and New York--Pittsburgh segment discontinued in 1968.
4:
Amtrak discontinued between Detroit and Buffalo.
5:
Ran in the time slot of the fmr. #368, Motor City Special.
6:
[abstracted from R. Dan Cupper] The Capitol Limited did not operate to Baltimore immediately pre-Amtrak; B&O provided a connecting RDC run. The B&O east-west fleet once operated through to Jersey City via RDG east of Park Jct. (Philadelphia) and CRRNJ east of Bound Brook, N.J. B&O quit serving the New York market on October 26, 1958, abandoning all passenger service east/north of Baltimore. The Capitol Limited and other long-distance trains continued to operate west/south of Baltimore, as a set of cars (club car and a couple of sleepers) that joined the rest of the train in Washington.
7:
Edmonson book states Cincinnati--Washington operation. August 1970 Official Guite, however, states train continued to Baltimore. Again, split/joined train, or operation through D.C.?


South

Silver Star New York ... Washington PC 135 / 132
Richmond RF&P 21 / 22
(via Raleigh)
Jacksonville
Miami SCL 21 / 22
St. Petersburg SCL 23 / 24 1
Silver Meteor New York ... Washington PC 143 / 142
Richmond RF&P 57 / 58
(via Raleigh) Miami SCL 57 / 58
Champion New York ... Washington PC 145 / 144 2
Richmond RF&P 91 / 92
(via Florence)
Waycross, Ga.
Montgomery Ala. SCL 89 / 90
Lakeland Fla. Naples Fla. SCL 98 / 97
Tampa Venice Fla. SCL 82 / 81
St. Petersburg SCL 91 / 92
Southern Crescent New York ... Washington PC 173 / 126 nonAMTK
New Orleans SOU 1 / 2
Birmingham Special New York ... Washington PC 137 / 154 xSa
137 / 166 Sa
Lynchburg SOU 17 / 18 Disc.
Bristol N&W 17 / 18 Disc.
Birmingham SOU 17 / 18 3, Disc.
fmr. Birmingham Special ???New York ... Washington PC 137 / 154 4, ???nonAMTK
Lynchburg, Va. SOU 17 / 18
Gulf Coast Special New York ... Washington PC 147 / 140 1z, Disc.
Richmond RF&P 9-75 / 10-76
(via Florence) Jacksonville SCL 75 / 76
Palmland New York ... Washington PC 147 / 140 5, Disc.
Richmond RF&P 9-75 / 10-76
(via Raleigh) Columbia, S.C. SCL 9 / 10
Piedmont New York ... Washington PC 155 / 140 ??? nonAMTK
???Manassas RF&P ???
Atlanta SOU 5 / 6
fmr. Asheville Special Salisbury, N.C. ... Asheville, N.C. SOU 15 / 16 SaMoTh / SuWeFr,
6, ???nonAMTK
City of Miami Chicago ... Birmingham IC 53 / 52 7, Disc.
Albany CG 14 / 13
Jacksonville Miami SCL 5 / 6
St. Petersburg 93 / 94
South Wind Chicago ... Louisville PC 90 / 93 8
Montgomery L&N 15 / 16
Jacksonville SCL 12 / 11
Jacksonville Miami SCL 15 / 16
St. Petersburg SCL 5 / 6
City of New Orleans Chicago ... New Orleans IC 1 / 2
Panama Limited Chicago ... New Orleans IC 5 / 6 Disc.
Pan-American Cincinnati ... New Orleans L&N 9 / 8 9, Disc.
Gulf Wind Jacksonville ... Chattahoochee Fla. SCL 39 / 40 9, Disc.
New Orleans L&N 12 / 11
fmr. Humming Bird/ Georgian St. Louis ... Evansville L&N 5 / 10 10, Disc.
Atlanta 3 / 4
Nancy Hanks II Atlanta ... Savannah CG 8 / 7 Disc.
NOTES
1:
Jacksonville--St. Petersburg train number not listed in Amtrak timetable, taken from the pre-Amtrak train listing in Edmonson (vide infra).
2:
Graphically:

 *<--SCL-- Richmond <--RF&P-- Washington <--PC-- New York
 |
 *-- Waycross -----> Lakeland -----> Tampa -----> St. Petersburg
        \                \             \
         *-->Mongomery    *-->Naples    *-->Venice 
3:
Bristol--Birmingham section discontinued late 1970 or early 1971, but prior to Amtrak.
4:
N&W portion of this train, Lynchburg--Bristol, Va. was discontinued before the start of Amtrak. Through cars conveyed via PC 137 Midday Congressional, xSa on 154 Embassy, Sa on 166 Mount Vernon.
5:
Gulf Coast Special and Palmland ran combined New York--Richmond. On PC, 147 was named Gulf Coast Special, whereas 140 was unnamed.
6:
Connected with Piedmont; no through cars.
7:
See note for South Wind.
8:
Operated every other day, connecting with L&N South Wind, though on the eve of Amtrak, PC was no longer providing through cars from Chicago.
9:
Pan American and Gulf Wind ran combined with New Orleans -- Flomaton Ala. Gulf Wind was triweekly.
10:
Train numbers changed from when train was named to pre-Amtrak unnamed train. Original trains operated separately, Georgian between Nashville and Atlanta, Humming Bird between Nashville and New Orleans.


Midwest

fmr. Ohio State Limited Cleveland ... Columbus PC 15 / 18 Disc.
fmr. Gateway
fmr. Cleveland Special
Cleveland ... Indianapolis PC 315 / 316 Disc.
fmr. International Chicago ... Port Huron GTW 156 / 155 Disc.
Maple Leaf Chicago ... Port Huron GTW 158 / 159 Disc.
Toronto CN 158 / 159
fmr. Twilight Limited
fmr. Michigan
Chicago ... Detroit PC 356
355
Mohawk Chicago ... Detroit GTW 164 / 165 Disc.
James Whitcomb Riley Chicago ... Cincinnati PC 304 / 303
fmr. Redbird/
fmr. Union
Chicago ... Cincinnati PC 66 / 65 Disc.
Mid-American Chicago ... Carbondale IC 3 / 4 Disc.
Illini Chicago ... Carbondale IC 7 / 8 Disc.
Shawnee Chicago ... Carbondale IC 9 / 10
City of Decatur Chicago ... Decatur N&W 121 / 124 Disc.
fmr. Danville-Chicago Flyer Chicago ... Danville 3 / 4 Disc.
Governor's Special Chicago ... Springfield IC 21 / 22 Disc.
The Limited Chicago ... St. Louis GM&O 1 / 4
Abraham Lincoln Chicago ... St. Louis GM&O 3 / 2
Midnight Express Chicago ... St. Louis GM&O 5 / 6 Disc.
fmr. Des Moines Rocket / fmr. Rocky Mountain Rocket Chicago ... Rock Island CRI&P 5,9 / 6,8 1, NonAMTK
Peorian Chicago ... Peoria CRI&P 11 / 12 NonAMTK
fmr. American Royal Zephyr Chicago ... West Quincy BN 5 / 6 2, Disc.
Hawkeye Chicago ... Sioux City IC 11 / 12 Disc.
fmr. Nebraska Zephyr Chicago ... Omaha BN 11 / 12 Disc.
fmr. Kate Shelley 400 Chicago ... Clinton CNW 1 / 2 xSu Disc.
(Unnamed) Chicago ... Clinton CNW 11 / 12 Su Disc.
fmr. Streamliner 400 Chicago ... Milwaukee CNW 121 / 160 . / xSu
Disc.
(Unnamed) Chicago ... Milwaukee CNW 160X Su 3, Disc.
fmr. Commuter 400 Chicago ... Milwaukee CNW 149 / 152 Disc.
fmr. Flambeau 400 Chicago ... Green Bay CNW 153 / 216 Disc.
Ashland 4, Disc.
fmr. Peninsula 400 / fmr. Green Bay 400 Chicago ... Green Bay CNW 209 / 206 Disc.
(Unnamed) Chicago ... Green Bay CNW 239 / 168 Disc.
Menominee Su Disc.
City of Los Angeles/
City of San Francisco/
City of Portland/
City of Denver/
Challenger
Chicago ... Omaha MILW 103 / 104 5, Disc.
Sioux Chicago ... Madison, Wis. MILW 11 / 22 Disc.
Varsity Chicago ... Madison, Wis. MILW 117 / 118 FrSaSu, Disc.
Morning Zephyr Chicago ... Minneapolis BN 7 / 8 6, Disc.
Afternoon Zephyr Chicago ... Minneapolis BN 9 / 10 7, Disc.
Morning Hiawatha Chicago ... Minneapolis MILW 5 / 6 8
Fast Mail Chicago ... Minneapolis MILW . / 56 Disc.
Milwaukee Express
(unofficial)
Chicago ... Milwaukee MILW 9 / 12
23 / .
27 / 46
fmr. Traveler . / 24
Wabash Cannonball Detroit ... St. Louis N&W 301 / 304 Disc.
fmr. Texas Eagle St. Louis ... Texarcana MP 1 / 2 Disc.
(Unnamed) St. Louis ... Kansas City MP 15 / 14 9
Missouri River Eagle St. Louis ... Kansas City MP 17 / 16 9
Tulsan Kansas City ... Tulsa ATSF 211 / 212 Disc.
(Unnamed) Kansas City ... Omaha BN 35 / 36 Disc.
Gopher/
Badger
St. Paul ... Superior BN 40 / 53 Disc.
fmr. Winnipeg Limited Grand Forks ... Winnipeg BN 47 / 48 10, Disc.
NOTES
1:
Originally: CRI&P #5/6, Des Moines Rocket; #?7/8, Des Moines Rocket; #9/?10, Corn Belt Rocket, to Omaha until its route was shortened.
2:
Colloquially the "Quincy Local". A court order kept this train operating 1 week past May 1.
3:
"X" denoted experimental train.
4:
Summers only.
5:
Previously all separate trains, these ran combined (often dubbed "City of Everywhere") on the eve of Amtrak.
6:
Combined with Empire Builder ??? in Chicago->Minneapolis direction (since ????).
7:
Combined with Empire Builder ??? in Minneapolis->Chicago direction except Friday and Sunday (since ????).
8:
Operated into MILW station in Minneapolis, which closed 1971.05.01 (start of Amtrak). AMTK took this time slot for its Empire Builder.
9:
MP #15 W/B and #16 E/B became part of Amtrak's New York -- Kansas City route; #14 and #17 were discontinued.
10:
Served as a connection to the Western Star at Grand Forks.


Midwest--West

Texas Chief Chicago ... Houston ATSF 15 / 16
San Francisco Chief Chicago ... Richmond ATSF 1 / 2 Disc.
Super Chief/
El Capitan
Chicago ... Los Angeles ATSF 17 / 18 1
(Unnamed) Chicago ... Los Angeles ATSF 23 / 24 2, Disc.
Denver Zephyr Chicago ... Denver BN 1 / 2 3
Empire Builder Chicago Spokane Seattle BN 31 / 32 4
Portland 21 / 22 Disc.
North Coast Limited Chicago ... Seattle BN 25 / 26 Disc.
Sunset Limited New Orleans ... Los Angeles SP 1 / 2
Western Star St. Paul Spokane Seattle BN 27 / 28 Disc.
Portland 23 / 24 Disc.
Mainstreeter St. Paul ... Seattle BN 29 / 30 Disc.
NOTES
1:
Both El Capitan and Super Chief were used in both directions. Formerly these were separate trains, Super Chief being all-Pullman, El Capitan all-coach. When combined in ????, each name continued to be used for the respective section of the combined train, with ATSF train schedules listing them separately despite a common train number and station times. Amtrak continued the 2-name 1-train arrangement; they later removed the first class only lounge/diner, at which point ATSF withdrew permission to use these train names.
2:
Formerly named Grand Canyon.
3:
Combined with a UP train by Amtrak to create Chicago--Oakland service.
4:
Rerouted by Amtrak from CB&Q to MILW between Chicago and St. Croix, Minn..


West

(Unnamed) Denver ... La Junta ASTF 191-190 / 201-200 1, Disc.
Rio Grande Zephyr Denver ... Salt Lake City D&RGW 17 / 18 2, NonAMTK
(Unnamed) Seattle ... Portland BN 195 / 196
199 / 198
Cascade Oakland ... Portland SP 12 / 11 3
Seattle BN 12 / 11
City of San Francisco Oakland ... Ogden SP 102 / 101
Del Monte San Francisco ... Monterey, Calif. SP 126 / 141 Disc.
San Joaquin Daylight Los Angeles Tracy Oakland SP 51 / 52 Disc.
Sacramento Daylight ... Tracy Sacramento SP 53 / 54 4, Disc.
Coast Daylight Los Angeles ... San Francisco SP 99 / 98 3, 12
San Diegan Los Angeles ... San Diego ATSF 74 / 73 14
76 / 75
78 / 77
International Seattle ... Vancouver BN 194 / 193 Disc.
(Unnamed) Seattle ... Portland BN 195 / 196
199 / 198
Redwood Willits ... Eureka NWP 3S / 4N 14b, Disc.
(Unnamed) Wishram, Wa. ... Bend, Ore. BN 102 / 105,103 15, Disc.
NOTES
1:
Scheduled to connect to Super Chief/El Capitan at Denver.
2:
A charter bus replaced connecting service via Union Pacific between Salt Lake City and Ogden.
3:
Amtrak combined Cascade and Coast Daylight into one train running on BN Seattle--Portland, SP Portland--Los Angeles, and ATSF Los Angeles--San Diego.
4:
Joined/split with San Joaquin Daylight at Tracy. San Joaquin Daylight numbers and name used exclusively Tracy--Los Angeles.
12: Still valid in Pre-Amtrak???
This train operated southbound on Mon, Wed, Thurs and Sat. and northbound on Mon, Tues, Thur. and Sat. Those were days when the Seattle-San Diego trains did not run.
13: How is this different pre-Amtrak???
Santa Fe also operated for Amtrak the San Diego extension of the Seattle train. It operated under Nos. 11/12, the same numbers used by SP north of Los Angeles and by BN between Portland and Seattle.
14:
74/73 became part of the Seattle--San Diego route. (under Amtrak ???)
14b:
Triweekly.
15:
Mixed trains of the former Oregon Trunk Railroad.
Sources:
Amtrak Public Timetable, May 1, 1971
Edmonson, Harold A., ed., Journey to Amtrak. Milwaukee: Kalmbach, 1972.
Illinois Central Railroad timetable, May 1, 1971 (showing trains to be operated by IC for Amtrak).

Northeast trains

From Join/
Split
Through/
To
RR Train Name Num. Freq. N
o
t
e

"Northeast Corridor"

1
Washington ... Boston PC Colonial 170 / 171
Senator 172 / 173
Patriot 174 / 175
New York ... Washington PC (Unnamed) ... / 142
Metroliner 101 / 100 x7/WD
Metroliner 103 / 102 WD/
President/
Legislator
133 / 126
Metroliner 105 / 104 /x7
(Unnamed) 135 / 130
Midday Congressional 137 / ...
Metroliner 107 / 106
Metroliner 109 / 108
(Unnamed) 143 / ...
Representative ... / 132
Afternoon Congressional ... / 152
Metroliner 111 / 110
Metroliner 113 / 112 /x6
Metroliner 115 / 114 x6/
Mount Vernon 139 / 166 /WE
Embassy 155 / ...
Metroliner 117 / 116
(Unnamed) 161 / ... 7
New York ... Philadelphia PC (Unnamed)
("Clockers")
235 / 254 .. / WD 2
237 / 200 x7 / WD
201 / 234 x7 / 6
207 / 202 x7 / WD
211 / 256 .. / x7
213 / 204 .. / x7
219 / 280 .. / 7
215 / 206 x6 / x7
221 / 212 x6 / ..
263 / 218 WD / ..
223 / 220 WD / x67
225 / 298 .. / 7
227 / 272 .. / 6
229 / 282 .. / 7
231 / ...
Philadelphia ... Washington PC (Unnamed) 401 WD

Keystone

1
Harrisburg ... Philadelphia PC Unnamed 600 / 601 WD
602 / 603 x7
604 / 605 /WD
606 / 607
608 / ... x7
618 / 633
610 / 611 x6 / WD
... / 617 WE
612 / 613 WD
614 / 615 /x6
NOTE: All service started/terminated at Suburban Station, center city Philadelphia.

Empire

1
New York ... Albany PC (Unnamed) 81 / 62
83 / 89
61 / 82
85 / 84
New York ... Buffalo PC (Unnamed) 71 / 70
73 / 72
75 / 74
NOTE: All service started/terminated at Grand Central Station.

New England
New York ... Boston PC Bostonian/
New Yorker
180 / 181 /x6
Bay State/
Manhattan
182 / 183
Yankee Clipper 184 / ... x6
Turboservice 3002 / 3001 WD
Merchants Ltd. 196 / 185 x6
Murray Hill . / 187
New Haven ... New London PC Unnamed??? 402 / 403 WD
New Haven ... Hartford PC (Unnamed) 072 / 075 WD / ..
074 / 077
064 / 079 7 / ..
086 / 083
New Haven ... Springfield PC (Unnamed) 070 / 073
076
078
080 / 081
082 / 085
. / 087 7
088
090 WE
Springfield ... New York PC (Unnamed) 071 WD
089
NOTES
1:
This term is being used as a convenience for the modern reader. It was not an official term at the time of this timetable.
2:
Known as "clockers" in Pennsy days for their hourly departures, and a name resurrected later under Amtrak, these trains were unnamed in the first Amtrak timetable.
3:
Stopped in North Philadelphia, then passed via the "New York-Pittsburgh Subway" track at ZOO tower -- on the north side of the tower -- to the west, without stopping at Pennsylvania Station (30th Street).
4:
Started/terminated at Pennsylvania Station, New York. Ex-PRR to Hell Gate Bridge, then ex-NYNH&H to New Rochelle and Boston via Shore Line.
5:
Started/terminated at Grand Central Station, New York. Ex-NYC to ???Spuyten Duyvil, then ex-NYNH&H to New Rochelle and Boston via Shore Line.


Data: Craig Sanders, Ph.D.
....: R. Dan Cupper
HTML: Mark D. Bej, M.D.
bejm@eeg.ccf.org +216-444-0119
1996.09.16